Material Name: Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene
Chemical formula: ABS
Featured Features: Transparent Granule
Tabulation: Jumbo and Bag
ABS or acrylonitrile butadiene styrene is a polymer with an amorphous structure that is formed from the polymerization of styrene and acrylonitrile in the presence of polybutadiene.
Depending on the percentage of each of the mentioned monomers, different properties are seen in each of the ABS grades.
The constituents of this polymer are 15 to 35% acrylonitrile, 5 to 30% butadiene and 40 to 60% styrene.
Polybutadiene is a rubbery substance that causes toughness even at low temperatures.
By changing the amount of this material, changes can be made in the overall structure of the polymer, including the amount of resistance and impact resistance.
ABS polymers are resistant to aqueous, alkaline, concentrated hydrochloric and phosphoric acids, alcohols and animal, vegetable and mineral oils.
ABS plastic is mainly used for mechanical purposes. This polymer can be easily polished with common machining methods such as saws, milling, etc.
ABS is one of the most widely used polymers in the production of medical devices and is easily sterilized by gamma rays and ethylene oxide.
Some disadvantages of this polymer such as opacity, poor flame resistance, low durability against weather conditions and sunlight.
ABS vulnerability to sunlight and the destruction of seat belt release buttons in cars have created one of the most widespread and expensive car recalls in the country's history.
Advantages such as high impact resistance, dimensional stability at high temperatures, suitable chemical resistance, low price of lightweight alloy, etc. are the reasons for the wide and extensive use of this polymer in various industries.
1) Production of car accessories
2) Production of computer keyboard
3) Production of LEGO toy parts
4) Medical supplies including non-absorbable sutures
5) Electrical appliances and coatings such as washing machine and dishwasher
The most important applications of acrylonitrile are butadiene styrene.