What is nitric acid?
Nitric acid is a white liquid with a strong and highly corrosive odor that is formed by the combination of NO2 with water in the presence of oxygen or air.
Nitric acid is a very strong oxidant that has a very high reactivity. This acid can be mixed with water in any ratio and reacts with many organic solvents such as acetone, ethanol, etc.
Strong electrical conductivity is another physical property of this acid.
Soltani acid, which has been used since the past to destroy noble metals, is a combination of this acid and concentrated hydrochloric acid.
If the acid concentration is more than 95%, it is called white smoke nitric acid.
Other names of this chemical compound are: azotic acid, hydrogen nitrate, nitrous acid or enil nitroxide.
In general, it can be said that the washing of metals, the purification of gold, silver and platinum, as well as the production of nitrogenous agricultural fertilizers are among the most important uses of this strong acid.
1. Nylon production
2. Production of metal salts and metal processing
3. Synthesis of carbon nanotubes
4. Production of explosives
5. Production of jet fuel
6. Preserver of meat products to prevent color change
7. Production of ammonium nitrate
Due to the decomposition of acid in sunlight, it should be stored in dark containers and tanks. Also, due to its high reactivity and strong oxidation, it should be kept away from compounds such as cyanides, carbides or metal powders to prevent violent and explosive reactions.
Nitric acid is a very strong corrosive that can quickly decompose living tissue such as skin and meat, so it is recommended to use safety equipment such as gloves, glasses, safety clothing, etc. while working with this acid. In case of skin contact, wash immediately with cold water for at least 15 minutes.
Inhaling it causes asthma, respiratory sensitivity and swelling of the throat, which requires the use of a breathing mask to prevent these complications.
Despite all the mentioned cases, this material is not included in the category of mutagens and mutagens.
To buy nitric acid at the best price and the highest quality, you can contact the numbers 88616245 and 88617014 extension 1, chemical sales unit of Shimipole Company.