Phenol is one of the simplest organic compounds formed by the bonding of a hydroxyl group and a benzene ring. An organic synthesis phenol with a molecular formula of C6H5OH, phenol is found in pure white crystalline solid which has high solubility in water, due to hydrogen bonding between water molecules and phenol
Phenol is widely used in home products and as intermediates for industrial synthesis. For example, phenol (at low concentrations) is used as an antiseptic in household cleaners and in mouthwashes.
Phenol is a component used in the method of extracting liquid / liquid phenol-chloroform in molecular biology to obtain nucleic acids from tissue or cell culture prototype. Depending on the pH of the solution of DNA or RNA. Phenol is used in the preparation of resin, paint, explosives, lubricants, pesticides and plastics. It is indirectly useful in plywood. Phenol is also used as an organic solvent to dissolve alcohol, chloroform and ether. Our phenol is used to produce a wide range of chemical intermediates, including phenolic resins, bisphenol-A, caprolactam and phenol alkyl It has a spicy, sweet taste and is combustible. Phenol is also used in oil, leather, paper, soap making, toys, pharmaceuticals, tanning, dyeing, and agriculture.